Mechanistic Relationship Between Membrane Type-1 Matrix Metalloproteinase and the Myocardial Response to Pressure OverloadCLINICAL PERSPECTIVE
Background—Although matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were initially thought to result primarily in extracellular matrix degradation, certain MMP types, such as membrane type-1 (MT1) MMP, may also be involved in profibrotic cascades through hydrolysis of latency-associated transforming growth factor–binding protein (LTBP-1) and activation of transforming growth factor–dependent profibrotic signaling. The present study tested the hypothesis that MT1-MMP plays a direct role in the matrix remodeling response to a left ventricular (LV) pressure overload (PO) stimulus.
Methods and Results—Wild-type (WT) and transgenic mice with cardiac-restricted MT1-MMP overexpression or MT1-MMP reduced expression underwent PO for 4 weeks. PO resulted in a 57% increase in LV mass (no change in LV end diastolic volume, resulting in an increase in the LV mass/volume ratio consistent with concentric remodeling), a 60% increase in MT1-MMP–mediated LTBP-1 hydrolysis and a 190% increase in collagen content in WT mice. Although LV mass was similar among WT, MT1-MMP overexpression, and MT1-MMP reduced expression after PO, significant differences in LV function, MT1-MMP–mediated LTBP-1 hydrolysis, and collagen content occurred. PO in MT1-MMP overexpression increased LTBP-1 hydrolysis (18%), collagen content (60%), and left atrial dimension (19%; indicative of LV diastolic dysfunction) when compared with WT. PO in MT1-MMP reduced expression reduced left atrial dimension (19%), LTBP-1 hydrolysis (40%), and collagen content (32%) when compared with both WT.
Conclusions—Despite an equivalent PO stimulus and magnitude of LV myocardial growth, altering MT1-MMP levels caused specific matrix-dependent changes in remodeling, thereby demonstrating a mechanistic role in the development of the maladaptive remodeling and myocardial fibrotic response to PO.
- Received November 14, 2013.
- Accepted January 2, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.