Ideal Cardiovascular Health | LV Mass Index, g/m^{2.7}* | LV Concentric Remodeling Index, g/mL* | Peak Global Strain (%) | Aortic PWV, m/s* | ||||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

LS Mean | P Value | LS mean | P Value | LS Mean | P Value | LS Mean | P Value | |

Nonsmoking | 28.95 | 0.01 | 0.98 | <0.0001 | −16.11 | 0.0002 | 5.20 | 0.0001 |

Smoking | 30.32 | 1.07 | −15.31 | 6.09 | ||||

Ideal BMI | 26.65 | <0.0001 | 0.97 | <0.0001 | −16.12 | <0.0001 | 5.90 | 0.01 |

Nonideal BMI | 32.93 | 1.09 | −15.29 | 5.36 | ||||

Ideal nutrition | 29.65 | 0.98 | 0.98 | 0.34 | −15.89 | 0.66 | 4.61 | 0.02 |

Nonideal nutrition | 29.60 | 1.07 | −15.53 | 6.87 | ||||

Ideal physical activity | 29.61 | 0.94 | 1.03 | 0.95 | −15.78 | 0.37 | 5.71 | 0.33 |

Nonideal physical activity | 29.64 | 1.03 | −15.64 | 5.54 | ||||

Ideal BP | 28.38 | <0.0001 | 0.98 | <0.0001 | −15.80 | 0.28 | 5.51 | 0.17 |

Nonideal BP | 30.92 | 1.07 | −15.62 | 5.75 | ||||

Ideal fasting plasma glucose | 28.86 | 0.002 | 1.01 | 0.15 | −15.95 | 0.01 | 5.70 | 0.51 |

Nonideal fasting plasma glucose | 30.41 | 1.04 | −15.47 | 5.56 | ||||

Ideal total cholesterol | 29.97 | 0.06 | 1.02 | 0.35 | −15.72 | 0.90 | 5.62 | 0.94 |

Nonideal total cholesterol | 29.29 | 1.03 | −15.70 | 5.63 |

Linear models were constructed for each imaging parameter (dependent variable) as a function of age, sex, and each Simple 7 component to obtain least squares means. All Simple 7 components were included simultaneously in the same model.

*P*values of <0.007 were considered significant using Bonferroni correction. BMI indicates body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CMR, cardiac magnetic resonance; LS, least squares; LV, left ventricle; and PWV, pulse wave velocity.↵* Least squares means of log-transformed variables (LV mass index, LV concentric remodeling index, and aortic PWV) were exponentiated.