Table.

Patient Characteristics at the Time of Diagnosis of Incident Heart Failure, by Calendar Year of Diagnosis

Characteristics at Heart Failure Diagnosis2004–20052006–20072008–20092010–20112012–2013P-Trend
n90 61777 14165 05560 98756 026
Age, y (SD)79.7 (7.6)79.7 (7.6)80.1 (7.7)79.9 (8.0)79.9 (8.1)<0.001
Men, %42.042.342.443.544.2<0.001
Race0.69
 White, %87.587.887.887.788.2
 Black, %8.48.07.77.87.4
 Others, %3.94.14.44.44.4
 Missing/unknown, %0.20.10.10.10.2
Region*<0.001
 Midwest, %26.426.025.224.724.6
 Northeast, %19.720.320.220.020.1
 South, %38.838.639.339.739.4
 West, %14.114.614.915.215.5
Comorbid conditions
 Any myocardial infarction24.823.823.324.026.1<0.001
 Atrial fibrillation14.311.29.27.97.3<0.001
 Hypertension70.370.067.866.765.9<0.001
 Obesity3.13.33.64.35.0<0.001
 Peripheral disease22.823.624.626.226.4<0.001
 Cerebrovascular disease33.334.534.634.634.5<0.001
 Chronic pulmonary disease46.846.145.246.647.40.06
 Diabetes mellitus without end-organ damage39.741.041.241.842.2<0.001
 Diabetes mellitus with end-organ damage10.711.512.013.013.9<0.001
 Moderate or severe renal disease18.925.528.333.237.0<0.001
 Connective tissue disease5.45.76.16.36.4<0.001
 Leukemia/metastatic malignancy5.35.25.05.05.40.82
 Valvular heart disease15.413.912.811.911.3<0.001
 Charlson Comorbidity Score4.3 (2.7)4.4 (2.8)4.5 (2.8)4.7 (2.8)4.8 (2.9)<0.001